In 2016 video was released of the US Army testing LSD and other psychochemicals on both animals and humans
The U.S. National Library of Medicine in Maryland released the collection of short films created by the Army
The videos were part of the Chemical Corps attempts to weaponize substances to use in combat
Congress had significant concerns with the unstable effects of LSD on enemies
In 2016, the U.S. National Library of Medicine in Maryland decided a series of short films from Army tests filmed in 1959 would be released to public domain. The short films showed psychochemicals being tested on both animals and humans.
In one of the short film’s a cat is locked inside a box and sprayed with LSD. The five-minute film is titled “Mental Incapacitators — Psychochemicals.” The cat is shown locked inside the box with a mouse before the drug is and after the drug is administered.
In laboratory experiments, a normal cat displays the normal hunter instinct toward a mouse. After 45 seconds, the effects of the psychochemical become apparent.
After the powerful hallucinogenic takes hold, the cat is seen frantically jumping and attempting to get away from the mouse. At the end of the short film, a spokesperson states the cat’s name is “Speedy” while explaining that the cat was never in any danger.
In one of the other films, goats are dragged into a ditch then hit with a chemical gas delivered by an artillery shell in at least two separate tests. In both tests, one goat was given a mask. All the goats involved with the tests died within five minutes of exposure, except the two given masks.
In another film, two young dogs are paralyzed after being exposed to CS-4640, which the narrator compares to morphine for a human. One of the dogs was given an antidote which ended his paralysis. The other dog was left in a paralyzed state until the drug wore off.
In 1925, the Geneva Protocol had over three dozen countries agree to the “Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare”. Despite America being one of those countries, American legislators did not put the deal into practice until 50 years later. Even then, the US reserved the right to use chemical and biological weapons against anyone who went against the treaty.
During that time, the Pentagon moved forward with creating new compounds and diseases with the intention of being implied in combat. In charge of developing these weapons were the Chemical Corps. The Chemical Corps quickly went to work on substances that could disorientate entire platoons of enemies without taking any lives.
Lead by Army Major General William Creasy, the Chemical Corps became intrigued with the effects of LSD. Creasy argued to Congress that LSD “could quickly disable an enemy force, yet not destroy lives, describing a floating cloud … that could disable everyone in the area for several hours without serious aftereffects.”
In 1958, Army scientists at Edgewood Arsenal tested LSD on soldiers and filmed the result. The troops were unable to follow their drill sergeants commands as they stumbled and laughed. LSD testing continued through 1966 until Congress began having significant concerns of what the drug would do to the enemy. Army researchers noted the effects of the drug to be “disturbingly unpredictable”.