On Thursday America used a GBU-43/B Massive Ordinance Air Blast (MOAB) on a cave system in Nangarhar Province Afghanistan
The MOAB bomb is the largest non-nuclear bomb in the American military inventory
Albert L Weimorts Jr developed the MOAB during America’s 2003 invasion of Iraq
The Pentagon suggested the MOAB was created as a weapon for psychological warfare
On Thursday, America dropped the Mother Of All Bombs (MOAB) on a cave system in Nangarhar Province Afghanistan that was allegedly being used by ISIS.
The GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast is the largest non-nuclear bomb America has in their weapon inventory. The bomb was designed for the United States military by Albert L. Weimorts Jr.
The bomb was designed to be carried by a C-130 Hercules, primarily the MC-130E Combat Talon I or MC-130H Combat Talon II variants.
The concept behind the MOAB bombs bears a striking similarity to the BLU-82 Daisy Cutter. The BLU-82 was used in the Vietnam War to clear the heavily wooded areas, and in Iraq to clear mine fields.
Later, the BLU-82 would be used as a tool for psychological warfare against the Iraqi military. The BLU-82 became a way to intimidate Iraqi soldiers.
Once the American military ran out of BLU-82 bombs but had witnessed the psychological damage it had done to Iraqi troops, the MOAB was created to fill its place.
The MOAB was first tested on March 11, 2003, on Range 70 located at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida. It was tested once again on November 11, 2003.
Officials from the Pentagon suggested that the MOAB was created with the intention of being an anti-personnel weapon. It was to be used in the “shock and awe” strategy that played a key role in the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
An anti-personnel weapon is primarily used to incapacitate the enemy, whereas other weapons are created with the primary intent of being capable of destroying structures, vehicles, and troops. These weapons are not necessarily used to attack people directly.
The MOAB is not a penetrator weapon, also known as a bunker buster. The MOAB was designed for soft to medium surface targets covering extensive areas. Where the MOAB can truly shine is in a contained environment, such as deep canyons, or cave systems.